Myopia is one of the conditions idetified by the World Health Organisation as a potential cause of blindness. It is currently estimated that Myopia affects 30% of the world’s population, and this number is projected to be nearly 50% by 2050. Projected increases are widely considered to be driven by environmental factors such as decreased outdoors time, increased near work, and high pressure educational systems especially at young ages.
Did you know that the risk of Myopia is increased if it already exists within parents? If one of your parents has Myopia, you are 3x more likely to develop it, and if both of your parents have Myopia you are 6x more likely.
GENETIC VS ENVIRONMENT
Strong evidence that higher prevalence of myopia is the result of adaption to rapid and environmentally induced changes associated with increased education and urbanization.
Atropine 0.01% – best results in studies but not commercially available at this time.
Orthokeratology – Contact lenses that are worn overnight, which can slow the rate of progression of myopia, as well as allowing freedom from spectacles or contact lenses through the day.
Peripheral defocus Contact lenses – a contact lens worn during the day and removed at night time.
MiSight – The only licensed daily disposable lens for Myopia management.
Orthokeratology and soft multifocal contact lenses can reduce myopia progression by up to 50%.
Orthokeratology, peripheral defocus and MiSight contacts are all currently available at TKS.
At TK&S we are able to offer multiple treatment options dependent on your child’s eyes and needs. What can you do to reduce myopia risk?:
- Spend time outdoors
- Reduce the amount of time they are sitting doing close-up tasks (taking regular breaks)
- Make sure your child is not holding things too close
- Ensure good lighting when reading indoors